Does any language have a unary boolean toggle operator?

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Category:Languages

So this is more of a theoretical question. C++ and languages (in)directly based on it (Java, C#) have shortcut operators for assigning the result of most binary operators to the first operand, such as

a += 3;   // for a = a + 3 a *= 3;   // for a = a * 3; a <<= 3;  // for a = a << 3; 

but when I want to toggle a boolean expression I always find myself writing something like

a = !a; 

which gets annoying when a is a long expression like.

this.dataSource.trackedObject.currentValue.booleanFlag =     !this.dataSource.trackedObject.currentValue.booleanFlag; 

(yeah, Demeter's Law, I know).

So I was wondering, is there any language with a unary boolean toggle operator that would allow me to abbreviate a = !a without repeating the expression for a, for example

!=a; /* or */ a!!; 

Let's assume that our language has a proper boolean type (like bool in C++) and that a is of that type (so no C-style int a = TRUE).

If you can find a documented source, I'd also be interested to learn whether e.g. the C++ designers have considered adding an operator like that when bool became a built-in type and if so, why they decided against it.


(Note: I know that some people are of the opinion that assignment should not use = and that ++ and += are not useful operators but design flaws; let's just assume I'm happy with them and focus on why they would not extend to bools).

 


... that would allow me to abbreviate a = !a without repeating the expression for a ...

This is approach is not really a pure "mutating flip" operator, but does fulfill your criteria above; the right hand side of the expression does not involve the variable itself.

Any language with a boolean XOR assignment (e.g. ^=) would allow flipping the current value of a variable, say a, by means of XOR assignment to true:

// type of a is bool a ^= true;  // if a was false, it is now true,             // if a was true, it is now false 

As pointed out by @cmaster in the comments below, the above assumes a is of type bool, and not e.g. an integer or a pointer. If a is in fact something else (e.g. something non-bool evaluating to a "truthy" or "falsy" value, with a bit representation that is not 0b1 or 0b0, respectively), the above does not hold.

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