C++ deleted constructors

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Say I have this structure:

struct F {     int& ref; // reference member     const int c; // const member     // F::F() is implicitly defined as deleted }; 

That is from cppreference. As I understand from the documentation the constructor of F is considered deleted because it has a reference variable which refers to nothing. So one cannot declare a variable of type F like so: F variableName; as there will be errors such as: uninitialized reference member in struct F.

I understand this however I do not understand what such a structure would be good for if you cannot even declare a variable of its type. Could such a data type be useful in some specific case?


You can use aggregate initialization:

int a = 42; F f1 = {a, 13};  // or  F f2{a, 9}; 

Live demo.

A class type (typically, struct or union) is an aggregate if it has:

  • no private or protected non-static data members
  • no user-provided, inherited, or explicit (since C++17) constructors (explicitly defaulted or deleted constructors are allowed) (since C++11)
  • no virtual, private, or protected (since C++17) base classes
  • no virtual member functions

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