How do I implement a trait with a generic method?

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I'm trying to implement a trait which contains a generic method.

trait Trait {     fn method<T>(&self) -> T; }  struct Struct;  impl Trait for Struct {     fn method(&self) -> u8 {         return 16u8;     } } 

I get:

error[E0049]: method `method` has 0 type parameters but its trait declaration has 1 type parameter  --> src/   | 2 |     fn method<T>(&self) -> T;   |     ------------------------- expected 1 type parameter ... 8 |     fn method(&self) -> u8 {   |     ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^ found 0 type parameters 

How should I write the impl block correctly?


Type parameters in functions and methods are universal. This means that for all trait implementers, Trait::method<T> must be implemented for any T with the exact same constraints as those indicated by the trait (in this case, the constraint on T is only the implicit Sized).

The compiler's error message that you indicated suggests that it was still expecting the parameter type T. Instead, your Struct implementation is assuming that T = u8, which is incorrect. The type parameter is decided by the caller of the method rather than the implementer, so T might not always be u8.

If you wish to let the implementer choose a specific type, that has to be materialized in an associated type instead.

trait Trait {     type Output;      fn method(&self) -> Self::Output; }  struct Struct;  impl Trait for Struct {     type Output = u8;      fn method(&self) -> u8 {         16     } } 

Read also this section of The Rust Programming Language, 2nd edition: Specifying placeholder types in trait definitions with associated types.

See also:


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