Compilation failed to complete:Program type already present: com.google.android.gms.internal.measurement.zzabn

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Program type already present: com.google.android.gms.internal.measurement.zzabn Message{kind=ERROR, text=Program type already present: com.google.android.gms.internal.measurement.zzabn, sources=[Unknown source file], tool name=Optional.of(D8)}

============================================== environment:android studio 3.1.2

suddenly I can't compile app, I've tried to roll back with git, it doesn't work anyway.

thank God, I didn't trust git ,and I back up my code by cope

I can't figure out what's wrong with android studio

==============================================

at com.android.builder.profile.Recorder$Block.handleException(Recorder.java:55) at com.android.builder.profile.ThreadRecorder.record(ThreadRecorder.java:104) at com.android.build.gradle.internal.pipeline.TransformTask.transform(TransformTask.java:212) at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke0(Native Method) at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(NativeMethodAccessorImpl.java:62) at sun.reflect.DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.java:43) at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Method.java:498) at org.gradle.internal.reflect.JavaMethod.invoke(JavaMethod.java:73) at org.gradle.api.internal.project.taskfactory.IncrementalTaskAction.doExecute(IncrementalTaskAction.java:46) at org.gradle.api.internal.project.taskfactory.StandardTaskAction.execute(StandardTaskAction.java:39) at org.gradle.api.internal.project.taskfactory.StandardTaskAction.execute(StandardTaskAction.java:26) at org.gradle.api.internal.tasks.execution.ExecuteActionsTaskExecuter$1.run(ExecuteActionsTaskExecuter.java:121) at org.gradle.internal.progress.DefaultBuildOperationExecutor$RunnableBuildOperationWorker.execute(DefaultBuildOperationExecutor.java:336) at org.gradle.internal.progress.DefaultBuildOperationExecutor$RunnableBuildOperationWorker.execute(DefaultBuildOperationExecutor.java:328) at org.gradle.internal.progress.DefaultBuildOperationExecutor.execute(DefaultBuildOperationExecutor.java:199) at org.gradle.internal.progress.DefaultBuildOperationExecutor.run(DefaultBuildOperationExecutor.java:110) at org.gradle.api.internal.tasks.execution.ExecuteActionsTaskExecuter.executeAction(ExecuteActionsTaskExecuter.java:110) at org.gradle.api.internal.tasks.execution.ExecuteActionsTaskExecuter.executeActions(ExecuteActionsTaskExecuter.java:92) at org.gradle.api.internal.tasks.execution.ExecuteActionsTaskExecuter.execute(ExecuteActionsTaskExecuter.java:70) at org.gradle.api.internal.tasks.execution.OutputDirectoryCreatingTaskExecuter.execute(OutputDirectoryCreatingTaskExecuter.java:51) at org.gradle.api.internal.tasks.execution.SkipUpToDateTaskExecuter.execute(SkipUpToDateTaskExecuter.java:62) at org.gradle.api.internal.tasks.execution.ResolveTaskOutputCachingStateExecuter.execute(ResolveTaskOutputCachingStateExecuter.java:54) at org.gradle.api.internal.tasks.execution.ValidatingTaskExecuter.execute(ValidatingTaskExecuter.java:60) at org.gradle.api.internal.tasks.execution.SkipEmptySourceFilesTaskExecuter.execute(SkipEmptySourceFilesTaskExecuter.java:97) at org.gradle.api.internal.tasks.execution.CleanupStaleOutputsExecuter.execute(CleanupStaleOutputsExecuter.java:87) at org.gradle.api.internal.tasks.execution.ResolveTaskArtifactStateTaskExecuter.execute(ResolveTaskArtifactStateTaskExecuter.java:52) at org.gradle.api.internal.tasks.execution.SkipTaskWithNoActionsExecuter.execute(SkipTaskWithNoActionsExecuter.java:52) at org.gradle.api.internal.tasks.execution.SkipOnlyIfTaskExecuter.execute(SkipOnlyIfTaskExecuter.java:54) at org.gradle.api.internal.tasks.execution.ExecuteAtMostOnceTaskExecuter.execute(ExecuteAtMostOnceTaskExecuter.java:43) at org.gradle.api.internal.tasks.execution.CatchExceptionTaskExecuter.execute(CatchExceptionTaskExecuter.java:34) at org.gradle.execution.taskgraph.DefaultTaskGraphExecuter$EventFiringTaskWorker$1.run(DefaultTaskGraphExecuter.java:248) at org.gradle.internal.progress.DefaultBuildOperationExecutor$RunnableBuildOperationWorker.execute(DefaultBuildOperationExecutor.java:336) at org.gradle.internal.progress.DefaultBuildOperationExecutor$RunnableBuildOperationWorker.execute(DefaultBuildOperationExecutor.java:328) at org.gradle.internal.progress.DefaultBuildOperationExecutor.execute(DefaultBuildOperationExecutor.java:199) at org.gradle.internal.progress.DefaultBuildOperationExecutor.run(DefaultBuildOperationExecutor.java:110) at org.gradle.execution.taskgraph.DefaultTaskGraphExecuter$EventFiringTaskWorker.execute(DefaultTaskGraphExecuter.java:241) at org.gradle.execution.taskgraph.DefaultTaskGraphExecuter$EventFiringTaskWorker.execute(DefaultTaskGraphExecuter.java:230) at org.gradle.execution.taskgraph.DefaultTaskPlanExecutor$TaskExecutorWorker.processTask(DefaultTaskPlanExecutor.java:123) at org.gradle.execution.taskgraph.DefaultTaskPlanExecutor$TaskExecutorWorker.access$200(DefaultTaskPlanExecutor.java:79) at org.gradle.execution.taskgraph.DefaultTaskPlanExecutor$TaskExecutorWorker$1.execute(DefaultTaskPlanExecutor.java:104) at org.gradle.execution.taskgraph.DefaultTaskPlanExecutor$TaskExecutorWorker$1.execute(DefaultTaskPlanExecutor.java:98) at org.gradle.execution.taskgraph.DefaultTaskExecutionPlan.execute(DefaultTaskExecutionPlan.java:626) at org.gradle.execution.taskgraph.DefaultTaskExecutionPlan.executeWithTask(DefaultTaskExecutionPlan.java:581) at org.gradle.execution.taskgraph.DefaultTaskPlanExecutor$TaskExecutorWorker.run(DefaultTaskPlanExecutor.java:98) at org.gradle.internal.concurrent.ExecutorPolicy$CatchAndRecordFailures.onExecute(ExecutorPolicy.java:63) at org.gradle.internal.concurrent.ManagedExecutorImpl$1.run(ManagedExecutorImpl.java:46) at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor.runWorker(ThreadPoolExecutor.java:1142) at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor$Worker.run(ThreadPoolExecutor.java:617) at org.gradle.internal.concurrent.ThreadFactoryImpl$ManagedThreadRunnable.run(ThreadFactoryImpl.java:55) at java.lang.Thread.run(Thread.java:745) Caused by: com.android.builder.dexing.DexArchiveMergerException: Error while merging dex archives: D:/Android/appName/app/build/intermediates/transforms/dexBuilder/debug/0.jar, D:/Android/appName/app/build/intermediates/transforms/dexBuilder/debug/4.jar, D:/Android/appName/app/build/intermediates/transforms/dexBuilder/debug/6.jar, D:/Android/appName/app/build/intermediates/transforms/dexBuilder/debug/7.jar, D:/Android/appName/app/build/intermediates/transforms/dexBuilder/debug/8.jar, D:/Android/appName/app/build/intermediates/transforms/dexBuilder/debug/9.jar, D:/Android/appName/app/build/intermediates/transforms/dexBuilder/debug/10.jar, D:/Android/appName/app/build/intermediates/transforms/dexBuilder/debug/12.jar, D:/Android/appName/app/build/intermediates/transforms/dexBuilder/debug/13.jar, D:/Android/appName/app/build/intermediates/transforms/dexBuilder/debug/14.jar, D:/Android/appName/app/build/intermediates/transforms/dexBuilder/debug/17.jar, D:/Android/appName/app/build/intermediates/transforms/dexBuilder/debug/18.jar, D:/Android/appName/app/build/intermediates/transforms/dexBuilder/debug/19.jar, D:/Android/appName/app/build/intermediates/transforms/dexBuilder/debug/20.jar, D:/Android/appName/app/build/intermediates/transforms/dexBuilder/debug/21.jar, D:/Android/appName/app/build/intermediates/transforms/dexBuilder/debug/22.jar, D:/Android/appName/app/build/intermediates/transforms/dexBuilder/debug/23.jar, D:/Android/appName/app/build/intermediates/transforms/dexBuilder/debug/24.jar, D:/Android/appName/app/build/intermediates/transforms/dexBuilder/debug/25.jar, D:/Android/appName/app/build/intermediates/transforms/dexBuilder/debug/26.jar, D:/Android/appName/app/build/intermediates/transforms/dexBuilder/debug/27.jar, D:/Android/appName/app/build/intermediates/transforms/dexBuilder/debug/28.jar, D:/Android/appName/app/build/intermediates/transforms/dexBuilder/debug/29.jar, D:/Android/appName/app/build/intermediates/transforms/dexBuilder/debug/30.jar, D:/Android/appName/app/build/intermediates/transforms/dexBuilder/debug/31.jar, D:/Android/appName/app/build/intermediates/transforms/dexBuilder/debug/32.jar, D:/Android/appName/app/build/intermediates/transforms/dexBuilder/debug/34.jar, D:/Android/appName/app/build/intermediates/transforms/dexBuilder/debug/39.jar, D:/Android/appName/app/build/intermediates/transforms/dexBuilder/debug/40.jar, D:/Android/appName/app/build/intermediates/transforms/dexBuilder/debug/44.jar, D:/Android/appName/app/build/intermediates/transforms/dexBuilder/debug/45.jar, D:/Android/appName/app/build/intermediates/transforms/dexBuilder/debug/46.jar, D:/Android/appName/app/build/intermediates/transforms/dexBuilder/debug/47.jar, D:/Android/appName/app/build/intermediates/transforms/dexBuilder/debug/48.jar, D:/Android/appName/app/build/intermediates/transforms/dexBuilder/debug/49.jar, D:/Android/appName/app/build/intermediates/transforms/dexBuilder/debug/51.jar, D:/Android/appName/app/build/intermediates/transforms/dexBuilder/debug/52.jar, D:/Android/appName/app/build/intermediates/transforms/dexBuilder/debug/53.jar, D:/Android/appName/app/build/intermediates/transforms/dexBuilder/debug/55.jar, D:/Android/appName/app/build/intermediates/transforms/dexBuilder/debug/56.jar, D:/Android/appName/app/build/intermediates/transforms/dexBuilder/debug/57.jar, D:/Android/appName/app/build/intermediates/transforms/dexBuilder/debug/58.jar, D:/Android/appName/app/build/intermediates/transforms/dexBuilder/debug/59.jar, D:/Android/appName/app/build/intermediates/transforms/dexBuilder/debug/83.jar, D:/Android/appName/app/build/intermediates/transforms/dexBuilder/debug/84.jar, D:/Android/appName/app/build/intermediates/transforms/dexBuilder/debug/85.jar, D:/Android/appName/app/build/intermediates/transforms/dexBuilder/debug/86.jar, D:/Android/appName/app/build/intermediates/transforms/dexBuilder/debug/87.jar, D:/Android/appName/app/build/intermediates/transforms/dexBuilder/debug/88.jar, D:/Android/appName/app/build/intermediates/transforms/dexBuilder/debug/89.jar, D:/Android/appName/app/build/intermediates/transforms/dexBuilder/debug/90.jar, D:/Android/appName/app/build/intermediates/transforms/dexBuilder/debug/91.jar, D:/Android/appName/app/build/intermediates/transforms/dexBuilder/debug/92.jar, D:/Android/appName/app/build/intermediates/transforms/dexBuilder/debug/93.jar, D:/Android/appName/app/build/intermediates/transforms/dexBuilder/debug/94.jar, D:/Android/appName/app/build/intermediates/transforms/dexBuilder/debug/95.jar, D:/Android/appName/app/build/intermediates/transforms/dexBuilder/debug/96.jar, D:/Android/appName/app/build/intermediates/transforms/dexBuilder/debug/97.jar, D:/Android/appName/app/build/intermediates/transforms/dexBuilder/debug/100.jar, D:/Android/appName/app/build/intermediates/transforms/dexBuilder/debug/101.jar at com.android.builder.dexing.D8DexArchiveMerger.getExceptionToRethrow(D8DexArchiveMerger.java:124) at com.android.builder.dexing.D8DexArchiveMerger.mergeDexArchives(D8DexArchiveMerger.java:109) at com.android.build.gradle.internal.transforms.DexMergerTransformCallable.call(DexMergerTransformCallable.java:101) at com.android.build.gradle.internal.transforms.ExternalLibsMergerTransform.transform(ExternalLibsMergerTransform.kt:123) at com.android.build.gradle.internal.pipeline.TransformTask$2.call(TransformTask.java:221) at com.android.build.gradle.internal.pipeline.TransformTask$2.call(TransformTask.java:217) at com.android.builder.profile.ThreadRecorder.record(ThreadRecorder.java:102) ... 48 more Caused by: com.android.tools.r8.CompilationFailedException: Compilation failed to complete at com.android.tools.r8.utils.ExceptionUtils.withCompilationHandler(ExceptionUtils.java:76) at com.android.tools.r8.utils.ExceptionUtils.withD8CompilationHandler(ExceptionUtils.java:45) at com.android.tools.r8.D8.run(D8.java:67) at com.android.builder.dexing.D8DexArchiveMerger.mergeDexArchives(D8DexArchiveMerger.java:107) ... 53 more Caused by: com.android.tools.r8.utils.AbortException at com.android.tools.r8.utils.Reporter.failIfPendingErrors(Reporter.java:77) at com.android.tools.r8.utils.Reporter.fatalError(Reporter.java:58) at com.android.tools.r8.utils.ExceptionUtils.withCompilationHandler(ExceptionUtils.java:67) ... 56 more


Firebase did an update to the SDK:

Firebase Android SDKs now have independent version numbers, allowing for more frequent, flexible updates.

Update all your Firebase dependencies to use the latest version:

Firebase Core           com.google.firebase:firebase-core:15.0.2 Ads                     com.google.firebase:firebase-ads:15.0.0 Analytics               com.google.firebase:firebase-analytics:15.0.2 App Indexing            com.google.firebase:firebase-appindexing:15.0.0 Authentication          com.google.firebase:firebase-auth:15.1.0 Cloud Firestore         com.google.firebase:firebase-firestore:16.0.0 Cloud Functions         com.google.firebase:firebase-functions:15.0.0 Cloud Messaging         com.google.firebase:firebase-messaging:15.0.2 Cloud Storage           com.google.firebase:firebase-storage:15.0.2 Crash Reporting         com.google.firebase:firebase-crash:15.0.2 Crashlytics             com.crashlytics.sdk.android:crashlytics:2.9.1 Invites                 com.google.firebase:firebase-invites:15.0.2 Performance Monitoring  com.google.firebase:firebase-perf:15.1.0 Realtime Database       com.google.firebase:firebase-database:15.0.0 Remote Config           com.google.firebase:firebase-config:15.0.2 

More information is here:

https://firebase.google.com/support/release-notes/android

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