How to validate input parameters in C++ constructor?

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Following example shows the crux of the problem. I need to initialize const members of a class. This can only be done in the initializer-list and not in constructor body. I want to assert or throw an error if input to the constructor is invalid, that is, if the vector size is less than 3.

class A {  // In following constructor, how do we make sure if params.size()  // is at least 3.  A(const std::vector<int>& params):   x(params[0]), y(params[1]), z(params[2]) {} private:   const int x;   const int y;   const int z; }; 

Please advise how to achieve this in Modern C++ (11 and later)


Just add a layer of abstraction. You can write a function that makes sure the vector is of the correct size and you can even make sure the values are in an expected range, if you have one. That would look like

class A {  A(const std::vector<int>& params):   x(verify(params, 0)), y(verify(params, 1)), z(verify(params, 3)) {} private:   static int verify(const std::vector<int>& params, int index)    {      if (params.size() < 4) // or use if (params.size() <= index) if you only care if the index will work       throw something;      return params[index];    }   const int x;   const int y;   const int z; }; 


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