Can template deduction guides call constexpr functions?

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I have my own fixed-size array type I want to be constexpr constructible from an std::initializer_list without having to explicitly define the size template argument.

I thought I'd be able to use a template deduction guide but it looks like it's not treating std::initializer_list::size() as a constexpr function for it.

Here's an example of trying to make a deduction guide for std::array (which is similar to my type and has the same problem):

namespace std {     template<typename T> array(initializer_list<T> initialiserList) -> array<T, initialiserList.size()>; } static constexpr std::array myArray = {1,2,3}; static constexpr std::array myArray2 = {{1,2,3}}; 

I've tried on MSVC and Clang, both give roughly the same errors: myArray has an error complaining about too many arguments to the function. myArray2 says "substitution failure [with T = int]: non-type template argument is not a constant expression"

I tried putting constexpr in front of the deduction guide or the function argument but neither appears to be allowed, so it appears that the deduction guide is invalid even though it should work fine in a constexpr context.

Is there a way to make this work without going down the make_array() route?

 


You can do:

template <class T, class... U> array(T, U...) -> array<T, 1 + sizeof...(U)>; 

The problem is not that you cannot call constexpr functions in deduction guides. You can. This example is ridiculous, but works:

constexpr size_t plus_one(size_t i) { return i + 1; }  template <class T, class... U> array(T, U...) -> array<T, plus_one(sizeof...(U))>; 

The problem is that function parameters are not constexpr objects, so you cannot invoke constexpr member functions on them if those member functions read kind of local state.

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