Why isn't the array being passed by reference?

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Category:Languages

Why is it that x prints out 1,2,3,4 instead of 4,3,2,1. When i print input[0] it says 4. Shouldn't the array have been passed by reference? So I can use x to refer to input which was originally x? This is C++ by the way. This is not a duplicate of the other question. If I print out the array in rev listo, it prints correctly. The issue is in terms of the array being callable in the main function.

using namespace std;  void rev_listo(int input[], int num) {     int end_list[num];      for (int x = 0; x<num; x++) {         end_list[x]=input[num-x-1];         // cout<<end_list[x]<<endl;     }     // std::cout<<input<<std::endl;      input=end_list;     cout<<input[0]<<endl; }  int main() {     int x [4];     x[0]=1;     x[1]=2;     x[2]=3;     x[3]=4;      rev_listo(x,  4);      for(int y = 0; y<4; y++) {         std::cout<<x[y]<<std::endl;     }      return 0;  } 

 


Internally, When you do void rev_listo(int input[], int num), a pointer pointing to first element of the array is passed (just to avoid copying of array).

Like this:

void rev_listo(int *input /* = &(arr[0])*/, int num) 

Please note that the input pointer itself is copied by value, not by reference. So, When you do this, address of first element of end_list is copied to input pointer.:

input=end_list; 

When the function ends, the pointer input dies.

void rev_listo(int input[], int num) {      int end_list[num];      for(int x = 0; x<num; x++){        end_list[x]=input[num-x-1];     //cout<<end_list[x]<<endl;     }    // std::cout<<input<<std::endl;      input=end_list;    cout<<input[0]<<endl; } // input pointer dies here. So does num. 

Instead of just assigning the pointer like this: input=end_list; , you should copy the array manually. Like this:

for(int x = 0; x<num; x++){    input[x] = end_list[x]; } 

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